Care was taken to form groups balanced in terms of the students' educational background. This encouraged students to help one another.

All students

João André Coutinho Viana Alpedrinha


Joao is interested in social evolution and its application to organisms in defined ecological contexts.
Joao took his undergraduate Biology degree at the University of Lisbon. He did his honours project at ISPA with Rui Oliveira and David Goncalves as supervisors, working on the behavioral endocrinology of Salaria pavo, a fish with alternative reproductive tactics.
After he was offered a Portuguese short term IEFP grant and joined Franciso Dionisio’s lab at IGC, working on experimental evolution and social behaviour in bacteria.
His experience working in bacteria social biology and fish behavioural ecology had a profound effect on the way he now looks at biology. The outcome is a keen interest in evolutionary biology, particularly social evolution theory.
He is now a D.Phil student at the University of Oxford and at the Gulbenkian Institute of Science, under the supervision of Stuart West and Andy Gardner, on social evolution theory and sex allocation. My projects range from sex allocation in malaria parasites, the evolution of eusociality and the evolution of soldier castes in polyembryonic wasps.

PhD Project

Supervisor: Andy Gardner


University: University of Oxford


Social evolution and sex allocation theory. University of Oxford (2012) pp.255.


Gardner A, Alpedrinha J, West SA. Haplodiploidy and the evolution of eusociality: split sex ratios.. Am Nat. (2012) 179, 240-56.

Ramiro RS, Alpedrinha J, Carter L, Gardner A, Reece SE. Sex and death: the effects of innate immune factors on the sexual reproduction of malaria parasites. PLoS Pathog (2011) 7, e1001309.

Abbot P, Abe J, Alcock J, Alizon S, Alpedrinha JA, Andersson M, Andre JB, van Baalen M, Balloux F, Balshine S, Barton N, Beukeboom LW, Biernaskie JM, Bilde T, Borgia G, Breed M, Brown S, Bshary R, Buckling A, Burley NT, Burton-Chellew MN, Cant MA, Chapuisat M, Charnov EL, Clutton-Brock T, Cockburn A, Cole BJ, Colegrave N, Cosmides L, Couzin ID, Coyne JA, Creel S, Crespi B, Curry RL, Dall SR, Day T, Dickinson JL, Dugatkin LA, El Mouden C, Emlen ST, Evans J, Ferriere R, Field J, Foitzik S, Foster K, Foster WA, Fox CW, Gadau J, Gandon S, Gardner A, Gardner MG, Getty T, Goodisman MA, Grafen A, Grosberg R, Grozinger CM, Gouyon PH, Gwynne D, Harvey PH, Hatchwell BJ, Heinze J, Helantera H, Helms KR, Hill K, Jiricny N, Johnstone RA, Kacelnik A, Kiers ET, Kokko H, Komdeur J, Korb J, Kronauer D, Kümmerli R, Lehmann L, Linksvayer TA, Lion S, Lyon B, Marshall JA, McElreath R, Michalakis Y, Michod RE, Mock D, Monnin T, Montgomerie R, Moore AJ, Mueller UG, Noë R, Okasha S, Pamilo P, Parker GA, Pedersen JS, Pen I, Pfennig D, Queller DC, Rankin DJ, Reece SE, Reeve HK, Reuter M, Roberts G, Robson SK, Roze D, Rousset F, Rueppell O, Sachs JL, Santorelli L, Schmid-Hempel P, Schwarz MP, Scott-Phillips T, Shellmann-Sherman J, Sherman PW, Shuker DM, Smith J, Spagna JC, Strassmann B, Suarez AV, Sundström L, Taborsky M, Taylor P, Thompson G, Tooby J, Tsutsui ND, Tsuji K, Turillazzi S, Ubeda F, Vargo EL, Voelkl B, Wenseleers T, West SA, West-Eberhard MJ, Westneat DF, Wiernasz DC, Wild G, Wrangham R, Young AJ, Zeh DW, Zeh JA, Zink A. Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality. Nature (2011) 471, E1-4.

Gardner A, Arce A & Alpedrinha J . Budding dispersal and the sex ratio. Journal of Evolutionary Biology (2009) 22, 1036.